Dr. Deborah Heikes

Professor, Philosophy


Dr. Heikes is an expert on Immanuel Kant, though her research focuses primarily on the shift away from modern accounts of mind. As an alternative, she has developed a concept of rationality as a virtue concept. In particular, she is interested in building an account of rationality that more completely includes subjective and social elements while still maintaining an objective ground for reason and for moral concepts like equality and justice. While her earlier work focused primarily on reconceiving of rationality based on feminist criticisms, her latest work also considers how modern accounts of rationality led to the development of race and how a post-Cartesian rationality is better able to accommodate the differences that exist among people. She has published three books on the topic of rationality: Rationality, Representation and Race (Palgrave Macmillan forthcoming 2016); The Virtue of Feminist Rationality (Continuum 2012), and Rationality and Feminist Philosophy (Continuum 2010). She has published articles in such journals as Synthese, The Journal of Mind and Behavior, and Southwest Philosophy Review.

Dr. Deborah Heikes' Curriculum Vitae


  • Ph.D., Philosophy, The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, 1998
  • M.A., Philosophy, Baylor University, 1992
  • B.A., Philosophy, University of Kansas, 1991

Classes Taught


  • American Philosophical Association
  • Southwestern Philosophical Society
  • Society for Women in Philosophy
  • Society for Analytic Feminism
  • International Association of Women Philosophers

Honors and Awards

  • Outstanding Faculty Member, College of Liberal Arts, UAH, 2011-12
  • Study Sphere Award of Excellence
  • Lightspan Study Web Academic Excellence Award
  • American Philosophical Association, Central Division, Graduate Student Travel Stipend, 1996
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Fellowship, 1995-1996
  • Clifford P. Osborne Fellowship, University of Kansas, 1993
  • Phi Kappa Phi
  • Midwestern Association of Graduate Schools Award for Distinguished Scholarship and Research at the Master’s Level (nominee) 1992
  • Edward S. Robinson Essay Contest winner, University of Kansas, 1991


  • Rationality, Representation and Race (Palgrave Macmillan forthcoming 2016)
  • The Virtue of Feminist Rationality (Continuum 2012)
  • Rationality and Feminist Philosophy
  • "Can Mind Be a Virtue," Southwest Philosophy Review, January 2015 (31.1):119-128.
  • "Being Reasonable," Southwest Philosophy Review, January 2012 (28.1): 187-196.
  • "Out of the Cave: Understanding Rationality," Journal of Mind and Behavior, Autumn 2010 (31.2): 237-252.
  • "Let’s Be Reasonable: Feminism and Rationality," Southwest Philosophy Review, January 2009 (25.1): 127-134.
  • "Wittgenstein and the Private Language of Ethics," Southwest Philosophy Review, July 2004 (20.2): 27-38.
  • "The Bias Paradox: Why It’s Not Just for Feminists Anymore," Synthese, March 2004 (138.3): 315-335.
  • "In Situ Rationality: A Defense of Realism," Metaphysica, October 2003 (4.2): 123-136. "Schema, Language, and Two Problems of Content," The Journal of Mind and Behavior, Spring 2003 (24.2): 155-168.

  • "A Feminist Theory of Consciousness" in Passion for Freedom, ed. Fina Birulés, et. al. Barcelona: University of Barcelona Press, 2004.

  • "Rationality and Subjectivity: Some Thoughts on the Bias Paradox" in Wissen Macht Geschlect/Knowledge Power Gender, ed. Birgit Christensen, et. al. Zürich: Chronos Verlag Zürich, 2002.

  • "Can Kant’s Dialectical Subject Solve the Bias Paradox?" Contemporary Philosophy 2001 (23.1&2): 16-22.

  • "The Realism in Quasi-Realism" Southwest Philosophy Review, January 1996 (12.1): 75-83.