Dr. Jonathan Campbell

Principal Research Engineer VI, Center for Applied Optics

Biography

Dr. Campbell graduated from Benjamin Russell High School in 1968 as an Eagle Scout and a Beta Club and National Honor Society selectee. He also received Scouting's God and Country award. Entering Auburn University, he was accepted by Advanced Army ROTC and later selected for the Auburn Ranger Company and the Auburn Cooperative Engineering program. He worked at Pratt and Whitney Aircraft on the SR-71 engines, the F14-B engines, and the RL-10 rocket engines. Honors included Scabbard and Blade, Tau Beta Pi, and Sigma Gamma Tau. Graduating in 1972 with a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering as a Distinguished Military Graduate, he received a Regular Army Commission as a 2d Lieutenant and entered graduate school.

Graduating in 1974 with a Masters in Experimental Plasma and Fusion Physics, thesis title - "Measurements Taken On A Transient Helium Plasma Using A Magnetic Probe and Other Diagnostic Techniques," Dr. Campbell reported to Ft. Bliss, Texas to attend the Basic Officer's Air Defense Course and the Chaparral/Vulcan Officer's Course. After graduating as an honor graduate from both courses, he successfully completed the Army Airborne School at Fort Benning, GA and was assigned to the First Infantry Division in Europe. Promoted to Captain at the end of his third year on active duty, he was next assigned to the DIA Missile and Space Intelligence Agency (MSIC) at Redstone Arsenal, AL.

Leaving active duty, Dr. Campbell continued as a civilian at MSIC and joined the Air Force Reserve. He was first assigned to the Air Force Systems Command at Arnold Air Force Station, Tennessee and later to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio at the Foreign Technology Division at Wright Patterson Air Force Base. On 7/7/77, Dr. Campbell realized a dream and completed his first solo and went on to earn his Instrument/Commercial/Certified Instructor (CFI) and Certified Instrument Instructor (CFII) ratings and certificates from the FAA. Today, he is an active flight instructor with over 2000 hours in multiple aircraft. He created and served as the first commander of the Redstone Arsenal Civil Air Patrol Squadron.

He accepted a position at NASA/MSFC in the early 80's and completed an M.S. in Engineering Management, an M.S. in Theoretical Physics, and a Ph.D in Astrophysics and Space Science. His dissertation title was "Imaging the Sun in Hard X-rays Using Fourier Telescopes." He would make contributions to a number of NASA programs including the Hubble Space Telescope and the Space Shuttle Main Engine. He has over 80 publications, holds several patents and patent applications, and has received numerous awards including being selected for Sigma Pi Sigma.

While at NASA/MSFC, Dr. Campbell was assigned next in the Air Force Reserve to the National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC). There, he was promoted to Full Colonel and he pioneered research on the use of lasers in space and the application of Quality Air Force to the NAIC reserves. Next, assigned to Air University as the IMA to the College for Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education Commander, an equivalent Full Professor position, he supported numerous war games, served as a teacher and mentor in the Space curriculum at Air War College and Air Command and Staff College, published several articles in the Air and Space Power Journal, and was instrumental in creating the Reserve Advanced Research Team (RESART). This team served to bridge the conceptual gap between emerging new technologies and Air Force strategy and doctrine. COL Campbell's final contribution to Air University, CADRE, and RESART was a research paper entitled the "Impact Imperative: Emerging Laser Technologies enabling Future Earth Defense CONOPS in Space." The paper's purpose to make folks more aware of the threat to our civilization here on Earth from asteroids, meteoroids, and comets from space and to offer a conceptual solution. He retired from the Air Force Reserve with over 30 years of military experience and received the Air Force Legion of Merit Award.

Continuing at MSFC, Dr. Campbell was selected to be a NASA Administrator's Fellow assigned to Alabama A&M University and The University of Alabama in Huntsville, an equivalent endowed chair/full professor position. There, in addition to several research pursuits, he led a comprehensively successful student research project that the students flew on NASA's reduced gravity, KC135, platform. Completing the fellowship and receiving an Administrator's Fellow award from the NASA administrator he has continued his career at MSFC and supported NASA's Constellation program, orbital debris removal technologies, Planetary Defense technologies, and Planetary Science Missions to Venus, Mars, and the Moon.

Dr. Campbell presently works for The University of Alabama in Huntsville and lives in Madison, Alabama and is married to the former Charlotte Clift. Between the two of them, they are blessed with five sons (1 deceased) and 10 grandchildren. Dr. Campbell is also a Methodist minister serving the Eastern District of the North Alabama Conference, UMC.


Education

  • Ph.D., Astrophysics and Space Science, 1980's
  • M.S., Engineering Management, 1980's
  • M.S., Theoretical Physics, 1980's
  • M.S., Experimental Plasma and Fusion Physics, 1974
  • B.S., Aerospace Engineering, 1972

Previous Positions

  • UAH (on call researcher and project manager)
  • NASA (multiple roles)(retired)
  • USAF (multiple assignments)(retired)
  • US Army (multiple assignments)

Projects

  • Bionic Eye Research
  • Planetary (Earth) Defense from Hazardous Asteroids, Meteoroids, and Comets
  • Orbital Debris Defense
  • Hard X-ray, Gamma-ray, and Neutron Imaging for Science and Homeland Defense

Patents and Awards

  • MFS-28794 - A Spatial Modulation Collimator For Viewing The Sun In Hard X-Rays
  • MFS-28795 - A Rotation Modulation Collimator For Viewing The Sun In Hard X-Rays
  • MFS-31093 - Magnetohydrodynamically Augmented Rocket (Mar) Engine
  • MFS-31176 - Rotational-Translational Fourier Imaging System - Serial No. 09/246,193 Filed 12/30/98
  • MFS-31408 - Solar Wing And Tether Mechanisms For Asteroid Uncooperative Docking And Asteroid Orbit Adjustments
  • MFS-31419 - Apparatus & Method For Generating Thrust Using A Two Dimensional, Asymmetrical Capacitor Module -- Filed 3/8/2000. Serial Number 09/520,817
  • MFS-31532 - Laser Induced Material Ablation Propulsion Techniques
  • MFS-31546 - Low Cost Fabrication Approach For High Precision Grids For Neutron, Hard X-Ray, And Gamma-Ray Fourier Imaging Systems
  • MFS-31611 - Performance Improvements For The Asymmetrical Capacitor
  • MFS-31614- Electric Wing
  • MFS-31649 - Nonintrusive, Remote, Micron Accuracy, Laser Fresnel Ranging System
  • MFS-31805 - Neutron, Hard X-Ray, Gamma Ray Rotational/Translational Fourier Imaging System Requiring Only One Grid Pair – Active Application
  • MFS – Cylindrical Asymmetrical Capacitor For Space

Selected Publications and Presentations

  • J.W. Campbell, et al, STASAT, NASA TM
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, Laser Orbit Shaping For Asteroid, Meteoroids, And Comets, Laser Interaction with Materials, vol. TBD, no. TBD, 2003.
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, The Impact Imperative: Emerging Laser Technologies Enabling Future Earth Defense CONOPS In Space, published Papers of the College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research, and Education, Air University, Winter, 2003.
  • S. Nash-Stevenson and Julie Mills, editors (J.W. Campbell contributing author/mentor), The MSFC Undergraduate Student Research Program: Technical Report Collection 2002, NASA/MSFC, 2002.
  • J.W. Campbell, Book Review: Black Hawk Down, Aerospace Power Journal, Summer Edition 2002.
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, The Impact Imperative: Laser Ablation For Deflecting Asteroids, Meteoroids, And Comets From Impacting The Earth, published in proceedings of First International Symposium on Beamed Energy Propulsion, Nov.5, 2002.
  • J.W. Campbell, Laser Prevention of Earth Impact Disasters, IAF-01-C.2.09 published in the proceedings of the 53d International Astronautical Congress, World Space Congress, Houston, TX, Oct. 2002.
  • J.W. Campbell, STARSAT: A Joint NASA/AF Project For Laser Calibration of Small Objects In Space, April 2002, SPIE Volume 4760 (proceedings of the SPIE High-Power Laser Ablation Conference, session on Laser Propulsion and Micropropulsion) held in Taos, New Mexico, p821, April 2002).
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, Laser Calibration Experiment For Small Objects in Space, published in proceeding of the 2001 Core Technologies for Space Systems Conference, Colorado Springs, Fall, 2001.
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, Laser Solutions for Reducing the Environmental Risks Associated with Orbital Debris and Near Earth Objects, IAF-01-C.2.01, published in proceedings of the 52d International Astronautical Congress, World Space Congress, Toulouse, France, Oct. 2001.
  • J.W. Campbell, Ideias Adiantadas a Respeito do Laser, Aerospace Power Journal em Portugues, 2d Trimestre 2001, p. 75, 2001.
  • J.W. Campbell, Conceptos Avanzados Sobre el Laser Para el Siglo, Aerospace Power Journal Espanol; Primer Trimestre 2001.
  • J.W. Campbell, Book Review, Aerospace Power Journal, Summer Edition 2001.
  • J.W. Campbell, Response To Letters To Editor, Aerospace Power Journal, Spring Edition 2001.
  • A.J. Sanders, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Project SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange): An International Effort To Develop A Space-based Mission For Precise Measurements Of Gravitation, Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 17 (2000) 2331-2346, 2000.
  • J.W. Campbell, Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection, December 2000, Occasional Paper No. 20, Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, 2000.
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, Micron-Accuracy Absolute Ranging System for Science Applications in Space, NASA/MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund, FY 2000 Annual Report, p. 177, 2000.
  • Ralph Carruth and J.W. Campbell, Laser Orbital Debris Removal Flight Project Demonstration, NASA/MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund, FY 2000 Annual Report, p. 29, 2000.
  • J.W. Campbell, Using Lasers to Remove Orbital Debris, Aerospace Power Journal, Winter 2000, Volume XIV, No. 4, AFRP 10-1, p. 90, 2000.
  • V.H. Hasson, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Use of Laser Radar for Space Object Experiments; SPIE Volume 4091 (proceedings of the 45th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, Imaging Technology and Telescope Conference), held in San Diego, p.363, July, 2000.
  • V.H. Hasson, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Acquisition, tracking, and sizing of small space objects (Invited Paper) SPIE Volume 4065 (proceedings of III International Symposium on High Power Laser Ablation), Santa Fe, p. 274, April 26, 2000.
  • C.R. Phipps, J.P. Reilly, and J.W. Campbell, Laser Launching a 5-kg Object Into Low Earth Orbit, (Invited Paper) SPIE Volume 4065 (proceedings of III International Symposium on High Power Laser Ablation), Santa Fe, April 26, 2000.
  • C.R. Phipps, J.P. Reilly, and J.W. Campbell, Optimum Parameters for Laser-launching Objects into Low Earth Orbit, Journal of Laser and Particle Beams, (2000), 18, 661-695, 2000.
  • J. Reilly, C. Phipps, and J.W. Campbell, A Comparison of Repetitive-Pulse and CW Laser Approaches for Boosting Small Payloads into LEO, SPIE Volume 4065 (proceedings of III International Symposium on High Power Laser Ablation), Santa Fe, April 26, 2000.
  • C. Phipps, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Very High Coupling Coefficients at Low Laser Fluence with a Structured Target, Volume 4065 (proceedings of III International Symposium on High Power Laser Ablation, Santa Fe, p. 931), Apr. 2000.
  • A.J.Sanders, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Project SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange): Proposal For Space-Based Gravitational Measurements, published in Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 10, Num. 6, June 1999.
  • J.W. Campbell, et al, Micron-Accuracy Absolute Ranging System and Phosphor Thermometry for Microgravity Science Applications in Space, (NASA/MSFC Center Director's Discretionary Fund FY99 Annual Report, December 1999).
  • C. Phipps, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Impulse Coupling Measurements For An Orion Demonstration (proceedings of Space Technology and Applications International Forum (STAIF-99), Albuquerque, NM, January 31 – February 4, 1999). Published in the American Institute of Physics 458, January 1999.
  • J.W. Campbell, C.R. Taylor, L.L. Smalley, and T. Dickerson, Laser/Space Material Uncooperative Propulsion for Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid, Meteoroid, and Comet Deflection, presented at the Space Technology and Applications International Forum (STAIF-99), Albuquerque, NM, January 31 – February 4, 1999. Published in the American Institute of Physics Proceedings 458, January 1999.
  • C. Phipps, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Impulse Coupling Measurements For An Orion Demonstration, presented at Space Technology and Applications International Forum (STAIF-99), Albuquerque, NM, January 31 – February 4, 1999.
  • A. Sanders, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Project SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange): Proposal for Space Based Gravitational Measurements (proceedings of The Gravitational Constant: Theory and Experiment 200 Years After Cavendish Conference, London, England, November 1998.
  • A.J.Sanders, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Space-Based Measurements of Spin in Gravity, in Bergmann, P.G., de Sabbata, V., Gillies, G.T., and Pronin, P.I., eds., Spin in Gravity: Is it Possible to Give an Experimental Basis to Torsion? (International School of Cosmology and Gravitation XVth Course), The Science and Culture Series – Physics, No. 16 (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 235-238, 1998.
  • A.J. Sanders, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Update on Project SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange), Presented at the Galileo Galilei Conference, Pisa, September 16-18, 1998.
  • J.W. Campbell, L. Smalley, A. Sanders, and T. Dickerson, Applications of lasers for orbital debris removal and planetary defense in Characteristics and Consequences of Space Debris and Near Earth Objects VOL 3434 B, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, (1998) (proceedings SPIE 43d Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held in San Diego, CA, Jul 1998.
  • J. W. Campbell and C.R. Taylor, Project ORION: Results of a Feasibility Study Investigating Removing Orbital Debris Using Ground-Based Lasers and Sensors, in ADAPTIVE OPTICS, Vol 3126, pp. 23 (1997) (proceedings SPIE 41st Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, JUL, 1997).
  • Alvin J. Sanders, Jonathan W. Campbell, et al, Precision Control and Measurement Issues In the SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange) Satellite, Ulyanovsk International Seminar sponsored by the Russian Gravitational Society, SEP 1997.
  • A.J.Sanders, et al, and J.W. Campbell, Precision control and measurement issues in the SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange) satellite, Gravitation and Cosmology 3 (No. 4) 287-292 (1997).
  • J.W. Campbell and C.R. Taylor, ULTIMA Free-Flying Large-Aperture Space Telescope, VOL 3126, (1997) (proceedings SPIE 41st Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held in San Diego, CA, JUL 1997).
  • Alvin J. Sanders, Jonathan W. Campbell, et. Al., Precision Control and Measurement Issues In the SEE (Satellite Energy Exchange) Satellite, Ulyanovsk International Seminar sponsored by the Russian Gravitational Society, SEP 1997.
  • J.W. Campbell (contributing author), et al, Research and Technology 1997, Annual Report of the Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA TM-108470, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1997.
  • C.R. Taylor and J.W. Campbell, Mechanics of Orbital Debris Removal by Laser Impulse, SOQUE International Conference on Lasers, 1996.
  • J. W. Campbell, Project ORION: Orbital Debris Removal Using Ground-Based Sensors and Lasers, NASA Technical Memorandum, TM-108522, NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, OCT 1996.
  • J.W. Campbell (contributing author), et al, Research and Technology 1996, Annual Report of the Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA TM-108470, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1996.
  • J.W. Campbell (contributing author), et al, Research and Technology 1995, Annual Report of the Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA TM-108470, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1995.
  • J. Cole, J. Campbell, and A. Robertson, Rocket Induced Magnetohydrodynamic Ejector-A Single-Stage-to-Orbit Advanced Propulsion Concept, AIAA 95-4079, AIAA 1995 Space Programs and Technologies Conference, Sept. 26-28, 1995, Huntsville, AL, 1995.
  • J. Bally (PI), J.W. Campbell (Co-I), et al., Hydrogen and Trace Gas Explorer (HTGE), NASA HQ Medium Class Explorer AO Proposal, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 1995.
  • J. Share (PI), J.W. Campbell (Co-I), et al., Impulsive Solar Flare Imaging Spectrometer, NASA HQ Medium Class Explorer AO Proposal, NRL, Washington D.C., 1995.
  • J.W. Campbell, et al., Sun-synchronous Orbit Mission For Passively Cooled Reconnaissance Of The Interstellar Medium, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing III, edited by Marija Scholl and Bjorn F. Andresen, SPIE Vol 2553, (proceedings SPIE 40th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held in San Diego, CA, July 1995).
  • J.W. Campbell, et al., ISIS Fourier Telescope Concept For Imaging The Sun And The Sky In Hard X-rays And Gamma Rays, EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy V, edited by Oswald H.W. Siegmund and John V. Valerga, SPIE Vol 2518, (proceedings SPIE 40th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July 1995).
  • J.W. Campbell (contributing author), et al, Research and Technology 1994, Annual Report of the Marshall Space Flight Center, NASA TM-108470, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL 1994.
  • J. W. Campbell, The Air Strategy in the 1973 Arab/Israeli War, Research paper prepared for the Air War College, Maxwell Air Force Base, AL, 1994.
  • J. W. Campbell and H. B. Stephens, A New, Advanced Fourier Telescope for Hard X-Ray Imaging of the Sun, in EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy V, edited by Oswald H.W. Siegmund and John V. Vallerga, Vol 2280, pp. 2-10 (1994) (proceedings SPIE 38th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July, 1994).
  • J.W. Campbell (contributor), NASA/MSFC Research and Technology Report, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1994.
  • J. Finley, J.W. Campbell, et al., A “Quick Look” Assessment of Arab Electro-optic Capabilities, classified, publication, Air Foreign Technology Bulletin, National Air Intelligence Center, Wright-Patterson AFB OH, July 7, 1994.
  • J. W. Campbell, Imaging the Sun in Hard X-Rays Using Fourier Telescopes, NASA Technical Memorandum, TM-108390, Space Science Laboratory, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1993.
  • J. W. Campbell, R. B. Hoover, and P. C. Baker, Repolished S-056 Grazing Incidence Mirror Performance in the MSFC AXAF Test Facility, in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, edited by Richard Hoover, (proceedings SPIE 38th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July, 1993).
  • J. W. Campbell, Basic and Advanced Fourier Telescope Performance for Imaging the Sky in Hard X-rays, in EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumention for Astronomy IV, edited by Oswald H.W. Siegmund, (proceedings SPIE 38th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July, 1993).
  • J.J. Kolodziejczak, J.W. Campbell, et al., X-ray Testing of the AXAF-S Prototype Replicated Optic, AIAA 93-4252, Huntsville, AL, 1993.
  • J. W. Campbell, et al., Imaging Solar Flares In Hard X-Rays Using Fourier Telescopes, in EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-ray Instrumentation for Astronomy III, edited by Oswald H. W. Siegmund, SPIE Vol. 1743, pp. 433-449 (1992) (proceedings SPIE 37th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July 21-26, 1992).
  • J. W. Campbell,Imaging the Sun in Hard X-rays Using Fourier Telecopes, PhD Dissertation, University of Alabama, AL, 1992.
  • J. W. Campbell, J.M. Davis, and A.G. Emslie, Imaging the Sun in Hard X-Rays: Spatial and Rotating Modulation Collimators, in EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy II, edited by Oswald H.W. Siegmund, SPIE Vol. 1549, pp. 155-179 (1991) (proceedings SPIE 36th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July 21-26, 1991).
  • J. W. Campbell, J.M. Davis, and A.G. Emslie, A Survey of Current Hard X-Ray Imaging Concepts Proposed for Viewing Solar Flares, in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy, Microscopy, and Projection Lithography, edited by Richard B. Hoover and Arthur B.C. Walker, Jr., SPIE Vol. 1343, pp. 359-375 (1991) (proceedings SPIE 35th Annual International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering, held San Diego, CA, July 8-13, 1990).
  • J. W. Campbell, The MSFC Solar X-Ray Imaging Telescope Numerical Models, AAS/SPD Nineteenth Meeting, Washington, D.C. 1987.
  • F. Speer (editor), and J. W. Campbell (co-editor), et al., Center Director’s Discretionary Fund Annual Report, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1985.
  • F. Speer (editor), and J. W. Campbell (co-editor), et al., Center Director’s Discretionary Fund Annual Report, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL, 1984.
  • J. W. Campbell, et al., J Series Ion Thruster Isolator Failure Analysis, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol 21, No. 4, Jul-Aug, 1984.
  • F. Speer (editor), and J. W. Campbell (co-editor), et al., Center Director’s Discretionary Fund Annual Report, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL 1983.
  • J. W. Campbell, Electro-optical Twenty-year Trends and Forecasts, Research Paper for M.S. in Engineering Management, University of Alabama, Al, 1982.
  • J. W. Campbell, Soviet LADAR Capabilities From Orbital Platforms, classified publication, National Air Intelligence Center, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, 1982.
  • J. W. Campbell, et al., J Series Thruster Isolator Failure Analysis, AIAA/JSASS/DGLR 16th International Electric Propulsion Conference, AIAA-82-1907, New Orleans, Louisiana, Nov 17-19, 1982.
  • W. R. Rich, J. W. Campbell, et al., Antitank Guided Missiles-Eurasian Communist Countries, classified publication, Defense Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C., 1980.
  • J. W. Campbell, Soviet Optical Data Processing/Integrated Optics Capabilities, National Air Intelligence Center, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, 1979.
  • W. R. Rich, J. W. Campbell, et al., ATGM Trends and Projections-Eurasian Communist Countries, classified publication, Defense Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C., 1979.
  • J. W. Campbell, Electro-optical Applications in Current and Proposed U.S. Missile Systems, classified publication, Missiles and Space Intelligence Center, Redstone Arsenal, AL, 1978.
  • W. R. Rich, J. W. Campbell, et al., Antitank Guided Missiles-Eurasian Communist Countries, classified publication, Defense Intelligence Agency, 1978.
  • J. W. Campbell, Measurements Taken on a Transient Helium Plasma Using a Magnetic Probe and Other Diagnostic Techniques, Master Thesis, Auburn University, AL 1974.