REU Students Show off Posters at 2014 AGU Conference
As part of the NSF funded UAH-MSFC Heliophysics Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program, students who participated in research over the 2014 summer received partial funding to present their work as a poster at the recent American Geophysical Union (AGU) conference in San Francisco. The AGU generally attracts around 20,000 participants from around the world, and covers diverse geophysical subjects from the Earth's interior, oceans, and atmosphere, to the Earth's space environment, the Sun, and the heliosphere. Seven students attended, and all enjoyed the opportunity to discuss their work with the leading scientists in the field.
The Outstanding Student Paper Awards (OSPAs) are awarded to promote, recognize and reward undergraduate, Master’s and PhD students for quality research in the geophysical sciences. It is a great honor for young scientists at the beginning of their careers and the process relies entirely on volunteer judges. Typically the top 3-5% of presenters in each section/focus group are awarded an OSPA and all judged students are provided feedback Please take a moment to congradulate GRA Phyllis Whittlesey on her acheivement of being an OSPA winner from the 2014 AGU Fall Meeting! 2014 Fall Meeting OSPA Winners
NASA's Fermi Mission Brings Deeper Focus to Thunderstorm Gamma-rays
Each day, thunderstorms around the world produce about a thousand quick bursts of gamma rays, some of the highest-energy light naturally found on Earth. By merging records of events seen by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope with data from ground-based radar and lightning detectors, scientists have completed the most detailed analysis to date of the types of thunderstorms involved. The UAH panelist was Themis Chronis from ESSC. Read more at: http://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/nasas-fermi-mission-brings-deeper-focus-to-thunderstorm-gamma-rays/#.VJBxIMNTu2x
Hurricane Julio Figure Getting Media Coverage
Michael Briggs, Assistant Director and Principal Research Scientist IV, has been featured on Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) about Tropical Storm Julio (now Hurricane). Briggs provided a figure of a Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flash (TGF) from Tropical Storm Julio on August 4, 2014 and details of the TGF.
The figure has received publicity and is featured in other media articles. The original story is at http://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/julio/, under August 7th. The other links include: http://phys.org/news/2014-08-nasa-hurricane-julio-emit-gamma-ray.html,
EUSO Telescope Prototype in Canada being Tracked by UAH Scientists
Matthew Rodencal, a graduate student at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), another scientist, Douglas Huie of the Rotorcraft Systems Engineering and Simulation Center (RSESC) and engineer, Dr. James Adams of CSPAR are in the midst of tracking a prototype of the Extreme Universe Space Observatory (EUSO) telescope.
Read the full article here.
Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Success
NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research teamed up to have undergraduate students from around the country work on research projects related to heliophysics.
The 10-week research program allowed the students to present a paper and submit an abstract to the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall meeting in San Francisco, California.
Read more about this article here.
More information can be found at http://www.uah.edu/cspar/research/reu.
Magnetism, Electricity, and Spectroscopy -- Oh My!
Eight REU students currently working at CSPAR summer of 2014, volunteered with Ms. Samaiyah Farid, Research Scientist, this weekend at the Fayetteville Library Science Week. There were participants with ages ranging from 2 to 12. They discussed magnetism, electricity, spectroscopy, and science in general.
The participants were given a compass, 2 bar magnets, iron fillings, copper wire, battery, diffraction grating glasses, a NASA sticker, and a flier about the Hinode X-Ray Telescope to take home. The participants built and experimented with an electromagnet and a monopolar motor. They also experimented with bar magnets, iron fillings, and their effect on a compass. The event lasted around an hour and a half.
Featured Article on Physics of Plasmas Website
Physics of Plasmas published Anomalous diffusion of field lines and charged particles in Arnold-Beltrami-Childress force-free magnetic fields in their July 2014 issue. Dr. Brahmananda Dasgupta, a Principal Research Scientist at CSPAR, and several others authored the article mentioned above. Physics of Plasmas has recognized this article as a ‘Featured Article’ on their website.
Featured Articles are selected by the Editors each month. The Editors choose articles which they believe will be of broad interest to the readers of Physics of Plasmas, and which have a particularly great scientific interest or merit.
Well done and congratulations Dr. Dasgupta!
Click on the link below to read the article:
CSPAR Graduate Research Assistant Accepted to Blue Waters Graduate Fellowship Program
Dr. Nikolai Pogorelov of Space Science and Faculty Advisor of CSPAR’s Graduate Research Assistant III, Matthew Bedford, has been selected as one of the seven recipients of the University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign’s Blue Waters Graduate Fellowship program for the 2014 – 2015 academic year!
Recipients of this award were evaluated based on their academic record, GRE score, related experience and service, research plan and its relationship to use of the Blue Waters supercomputer, and letters of reference. Bedford met those requirements and has been awarded a total of $50,000 to cover stipend and tuition and an allocation of 50,000 node hours on the Blue Waters system.
Bedford will focus on the research program and will later present the research progress at the 2015 Blue Waters symposium.
Please help us congratulate Mr. Matthew Bedford on the receipt of this fellowship!
College of Science Distinguished Professor's Journal Selected by the Journal of Plasma Physics
Distinguished Professor Dr. Gary Zank's article "The equations of reduced magnetohydrodynamics JPP 48, 85 (1992)" has been selected by the Editorial Board of the Journal of Plasma Physics as one of the 12 "Classic JPP Papers". The list was made by the vote of the Editorial Board, who were asked to choose from amongst all papers with more than 100 citations.
Congratulations Dr. Zank on another amazing achievement!
Below are links to view Dr Zank's journal, as well as the Editorial Board that selected Dr. Zank's paper.
The list currently appears on the JPP website (frontpage): http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PLA
and the papers from the list have been made free to download.
UAH Solar Scientists Get Help from Zippy Supercomputer
Dr. Nikolai Pogorelov, along with co-principal investigators, Dr. Jacob Heerikhuisen and Dr. Sergey Borivikov had the chance to use the Cray Blue Waters supercomputer, one of the world's fastest to conduct solar research. Complex equations are used on this supercomputer to compute answers blisteringly fast. To read more about this supercomputer, Click Here.
Space Science: New Distinguished Professor
The College of Science has a new distinguished professor. As of April 4, 2014, The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama appointed Dr. Gary P. Zank as Distinguished Professor of Space Science in the College of Science.
We are extremely proud of Dr. Zank. Please help us congratulate him for this amazing achievement!
Grad Student Admitted to Prestigious Summer School
Mr. Fei Xu, a visiting graduate student of UAH from Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology in China, who worked with Dr. Gang Li at CSPAR, has been admitted to the prestigious Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Space Weather Summer School. LANL is offered ever year and request applications from graduate students currently enrolled at a US university or abroad in the fields of space science, physics, aerospace, engineering, or related fields.
Xu and other students accepted to LANL will work on challenging research projects under the mentorship of a LANL scientists. Projects will cover a range of topics involving spacecraft observations, numerical modeling, and instrumentation of space plasmas and space weather. Students will also have the opportunity to attend a variety of lectures given by distinguished researchers at LANL.
Through a rigorous application process and reviews by an independent panel, Xu was selected to attend the summer school and receive a fellowship. The fellowship allows the student to cover travel costs to Los Alamos and living expenses while attending the summer school.
The summer school program will run from June 2 - July 25, 2014.
Please join us as we congratulate Mr. Fei Xu on his acceptance to The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Space Weather Summer School!
Dr. Rob Preece, CSPAR researcher and faculty member of the UAH Department of Space Science, has been featured in numerous media accounts of a powerful recent gamma ray burst. More about the burst and Dr. Preece's comments can be found in this article from the Associated Press. A time chart of GRB 130427A can be found here.
New UAH Department of Space Science ‘dynamic atmosphere’, chair says
The creation of the new Department of Space Science at UAH, headed by CSPAR Director Dr. Gary Zank, is featured in an article on the campus news page. Dr. Zank talks about the new department and the vision for its future.
Read the article here.
CSPAR Director Interviewed About Voyager
CSPAR Director and Chair of the Department of Space Science, Dr. Gary Zank, sat down for an interview with an AL.com reporter, resulting in two articles discussing the recent progress of the Voyager I spacecraft into the Interstellar Medium. The interview took place at CSPAR's custom multi-monitor presentation facility, CSTAR. Links to the articles follow.
Here's how Alabama scientists helped prove that Voyager 1 has left the Solar System
Huntsville scientist says Voyager 1 could be all that remains of humankind in a billion years
CSPAR Director and Department of Space Science Chair, Dr. Gary Zank, was featured in a UAH news article along with researchers Dr. Jacob Heerikhuisen and Dr. Brian Fayock, and CSPAR student Eric Zirnstein. The article focused on CSPAR's work with Voyager data as the Voyager 1 spacecraft has entered the interstellar medium. The article can be found here.
Voyager 1 Enters the Interstellar Medium
NASA has confirmed in a press conference last week that the Voyager 1 spacecraft is believed to have entered the Interstellar Medium. Dr. Gary Zank, Director of CSPAR, was one of four scientific experts present at the NASA presentation to comment on this event. A video of the press conference, which was shown on NASA-TV, can be found here. The media has covered the event in numerous articles, including the following links.
NASA chooses UAH for cosmic ray study
From AL.com: "A team from the University of Alabama in Huntsville will be helping NASA answer one of science's most pressing questions: How do cosmic accelerators work and what are they accelerating?" Read more here.
ScienceCasts: Dark Lightning
Dr. Valerie Connaughton was featured in this ScienceCast YouTube video about a Fermi satellite that detected antimatter coming from thunderstorms right here on Earth.
Researchers studying thunderstorms have made a surprising discovery: The lightning we see with our eyes has a dark competitor that discharges storm clouds and flings antimatter into space. Astrophysicists and meteorologists are scrambling to understand "dark lightning."
Fermi Improves Its Vision for Thunderstorm Gamma-Ray Flashes
WASHINGTON -- Thanks to improved data analysis techniques and a new operating mode, the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) aboard NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is now 10 times better at catching the brief outbursts of high-energy light mysteriously produced above thunderstorms.
The outbursts, known as terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs), last only a few thousandths of a second, but their gamma rays rank among the highest-energy light that naturally occurs on Earth. The enhanced GBM discovery rate helped scientists show most TGFs also generate a strong burst of radio waves, a finding that will change how scientists study this poorly understood phenomenon.
Before being upgraded, the GBM could capture only TGFs that were bright enough to trigger the instrument's on-board system, which meant many weaker events were missed...(Read More)
UPDATE: Part of our work has been featured on HEASARC Image of the Week: http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/objects/heapow/archive/solar_system/tgf_fermi.html
Voyager 1 finds a surprise at the edge of the solar system
Gary Zank, a space physicist at the University of Alabama-Huntsville, said he wasn't convinced Voyager 1 was still contained within the solar system and that it would take several months to figure out whether the probe had crossed the heliopause after all...(Read More)
CSPAR - Physics GRA Lauren Kahre takes second place in the physical science category at the 2012 Von Braun Symposium Poster Competition
Motivated by the development of a very general theoretical model describing the transport of turbulence throughout the heliosphere, we present a study of the turbulent and bulk properties of the solar wind. We investigate the bulk plasma flow speed, the bulk plasma density, the magnetic field turbulence and the kinetic turbulence. We use archival Voyager, Helios, and Ulysses data sets to explore low frequency solar wind turbulence properties throughout the heliosphere. We present results that describe the radial scaling of different measures related to magnetic field turbulence and turbulent velocity fluctuations.
NASA Telescope Captures Sharpest Images of Sun's Corona
In collaboration with UAH:
A telescope launched July 11 aboard a NASA sounding rocket has captured the highest-resolution images ever taken of the sun's million-degree atmosphere called the corona. The clarity of the images can help scientists better understand the behavior of the solar atmosphere and its impacts on Earth's space environment.
Voyager 1 Achievements Not Unlike Magellan Travels, Moon Landing
The Voyager 2 spacecraft has recently celebrated its 35th anniversary since its launch by NASA in 1977. The Huntsville Times sought out the expertise of Dr. Gary Zank, Director of CSPAR and Chair of the Department of Physics, on the history and future of the farthest reaching human exploratory program in space. CSPAR hosted the interview in its video wall equipped CSTAR facility, which provided an elegant and technological backdrop for Dr. Zank. The article featuring the interview can be found at the Huntsville Times blog website.
Voyager's Long Goodbye
Are we there yet? Ed Stone, the project scientist for NASA’s two Voyager space-craft, wants to know. Since their launch in 1977, the probes have ventured billions of kilometres beyond the outer planets. Now, Stone and his colleagues are looking for signs that Voyager 1 may finally be nearing the edge of the Solar System...(Read More)
No Meridional Plasma Flow in the Heliosheath Transition Region
Over a two-year period, Voyager 1 observed a gradual slowing-down of radial plasma flow in the heliosheath to near-zero velocity after April 2010 at a distance of 113.5 astronomical units from the Sun (1 astronomical unit equals 1.5 X 10^8 kilometres). Voyager 1 was then about 20 astronomical units beyond the shock that terminates the free expansion of the solar wind and was immersed in the heated non-thermal plasma region called the heliosheath...(Read More)
Voyager 1: reports of my exit are greatly exaggerated
It launched 35 years ago today, but the most distant spacecraft from Earth is stubbornly refusing to leave home turf. NASA's Voyager 1 has seemed on the verge of exiting our solar system for years, but new results suggest that it still has a way to go before it enters interstellar space...(Read More)
Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU)
Scientists from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and NASA Marshall Space Flight Center will host a Research Experience for Undergraduate in the summer of 2012. Ten undergraduates will be invited to Huntsville, Alabama for 10 weeks to engage in cutting edge heliophysics research with astrophysicists from UAH or NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).
Joint Space Weather Summer School 2012
UAH is co-hosting a Joint Space Weather Summer School with German Aerospace Center (DLR), and the University of Rostock. It consists of three consecutive 2 week sessions during the summer break, 9 July - 5 August 2012. The first 4-weeks will be held in Huntsville, and the last 2-week session will be in Germany. The summer school combines intensive site visits to various German space weather monitoring facilities, first-hand experience with operation and application of Space Weather related services, and lectures and hands-on project work in a team environment. All application materials are available through Dr. Nazirah Jetha (firstname.lastname@example.org) at the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR). All applications must be submitted to CSPAR (Cramer Hall, NSSTC 2017) by 15th February 2012.
Prof. Gary P. Zank Elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union(AGU)
Gary P. Zank, director of CSPAR has been elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. Only one in a thousand members is elected to Fellowship each year. In a letter dated April 4, 2011, Michael J. McPhaden, president of AGU, members of the Fellows Committee, the Officers of the Union, and the entire AGU membership extended their sincere congratulations to Prof. Zank upon receiving this singular honor. Prof. Zank will be officially honored at the December 2011 Fall AGU Meeting in San Francisco.
NASA: Storms Blast Antimatter Into Space
The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has detected antimatter shooting out of thunderstorms. NASA says, If you find thunderstorms scary, here's one more thing to think about: Scientists say some big boomers create antimatter. Certain lightning flashes produce terrestrial gamma ray flashes, which indicate the presence of antimatter, said Michael Briggs, a member of the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor team at the University of Alabama at Huntsville. The team works with NASA's space-based Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.
UAH Researcher Makes 'Significant' Atmospheric Discovery
HUNTSVILLE, AL -- Michael Briggs, a researcher at the University of Alabama in Huntsville on Monday, January 11, 2011 was described as having made a "significant" geoscience discovery. Briggs presented a report to the American Astronomical Society in Seattle that, in a complex way, provides insight into the mysteries of thunderstorms(read more).
2010 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting
Numerous CSPAR and Department of Physics researchers will be attending the annual American Geophysical Union(AGU) meeting in San Francisco, presenting a record number of papers and several invited talks to review the state of the field in various disciplines. CSPAR and Dept of Physics researchers Dr(s) Vladimir Florinski, Jacob Heerikhuisen, Qiang Hu, Jakobus le Roux, Gang Li, and Dastgeer Shaikh are organizing special sessions at the meeting. The Fall Meeting is expected to draw a crowd of over 16,000 geophysicists from around the world. The Fall Meeting provides an opportunity for researchers, teachers, students, and consultants to present and review the latest issues affecting the Earth, the planets, and their environments in space. This meeting will cover topics in all areas of Earth and space sciences.
Solar Wind Electrons, Alphas, and Protons (SWEAP) Proposal Awarded
SOLAR PROBE PLUS The University of Alabama in Huntsville has been awarded one of the five instrument suites on a new NASA mission called SOLAR PROBE PLUS. The instrument suite is called SWEAP and is designed to measure protons and electrons in one of the most challenging environments imaginable. The project is a close collaboration between NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center and The UAH Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR).
The UAH team lead is Prof. Gary Zank (PI), who is both Director of CSPAR and Chair of the Physics Department. Dr Jonathan Certain is the NASA MSFC (PI) team lead. Other CSPAR members engaged in the SOLAR PROBE PLUS mission are Dr Qiang Hu, and Ken Wright (Instrument Scientist); and Prof.’s Nick Pogorelov, Gang Li, Vladimir Florinski, and Jacob Heerikhuisen, all in the Physics Department as well. The SWEAP instrument suite is the result of a partnership between UAH, NASA MSFC, SAO, Los Alamos National Lab, SSL Berkeley, and MIT(read more).
Dr Ross Burrows Recipient of Air Force Young Investigator Award
Dr Ross Burrows is the recipient of an Air Force Young Investigator Award (YIP); these programs are intended for late postdoctoral investigators and new faculty. AFOSR's YIP supports scientists and engineers who have received a Ph.D. or equivalent degrees in the last five years, and show exceptional ability and promise for conducting basic research. The objective of this program is to foster creative basic research in science and engineering; enhance early career development of outstanding young investigators; and increase opportunities for the young investigator to recognize the Air Force mission. His proposal entitled, Space Weather Effects Due to Particle Acceleration at Shocks” embodies the proposed objective of the YIP program. This project is being implemented by CSPAR scientists at UAH in collaboration with members of NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.
Dr Vladimir Florinski Recipient of NSF Career Grant
Dr Vladimir Florinski is the recipient of a NSF CAREER Grant awarded March 2010 - the second ever that UAH has been awarded (last year June 2009, Dr Gang Li, also of CSPAR was UAH’s first NSF CAREER award recipient). The Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program is a Foundation-wide activity that offers the National Science Foundation's most prestigious awards in support of the early career-development activities of those teacher-scholars who most effectively integrate research and education within the context of the mission of their organization. His proposal entitled, “Computational Space Physics for Research and Industry” proposes to accomplish this task by developing an integrated graduate teaching/research program in computational space physics and astrophysics at UAH intended to prepare future space scientists for the realities and demands of modern computational environment. The integrated program will consist of the following elements and activities:
- Development of a new Master’s degree track in Computation Physics in the UAH Physics Department that will teach modern computational methods and high-performance computing techniques in the context of space and industrial applications.
- A space science research program employing the PI, a postdoc, and two graduate students that will focus on applying the numerical methods and techniques to variety real-world problems.
- Improvements to UAH supercomputer infrastructure with an emphasis on innovative high-performance computing technologies, such as graphic processer (GPU) hardware.
This is a singular honor and recognition of Dr Florinski’s outstanding research activities. The competition for the NSF CAREER award is extremely fierce and very few are selected.
NASA IBEX Spacecraft Discovery
CSPAR and Department of Physics Professors Jacob Heerikhuisen, Nick Pogorelov, and Gary Zank were in the news recently. All three had been part of the successful NASA IBEX spacecraft team that had, much to everyone’s considerable surprise last year discovered a giant ribbon of energetic neutral atom emission at the edge of the solar system, leaving researchers mystified. To quote several news articles, the researchers called it a “shocking result” and puzzled over its origin. Now the mystery may have been solved.
In an Astrophysical Journal Letter that appeared on 10 January 2010, Heerikhuisen, Pogorelov, and Zank introduced a new physical process not considered before, and were able to emerge with a compelling explanation only two months after the observation had first been reported. The Figure below shows the correspondence between the observed ribbon feature and that simulated by UAH researchers.
The impact of our simulations has been dramatic (multiple NASA press releases and related news stories), but more importantly presents a concrete demonstration of discovery and explanation through computational modeling in concert with very sophisticated observations. Not only has our approach proved transformational to the space physics community in understanding and modeling complex systems, but it is introducing a new paradigm for space missions by including state-of-the-art simulation and modeling as part of the mission itself. In the same sense that we employ software on an MRI scan to transform the data into a 3D image of the patient for a doctor, the observations returned by IBEX can be understood only by applying state-of-the-art computer simulations to the data to extract knowledge of the physics behind the system.
These two maps show the entire sky in the emission of neutral hydrogen. The energetic neutral atom (ENA) measurements by the IBEX mission (top image) show a ribbon feature spanning the entire sky. With our models, we discovered that this feature can be understood and reproduced (bottom image) after adding an unpredicted "mirror effect". The two images show observed and modeled ENAs, respectively, at comparable speeds [Heerikhuisen et al., 2010]
"Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX)" Published
CSPAR Director Gary P. Zank, together with co-authors Dave McComas and Nathan Schwadron, had a new book published by the well-known scientific publisher Springer. The book, entitled "Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX)", provides the physics background to the mission, summarizing the mission instrumentation and the theory behind the observations that will be made.
Dr. Gary P. Zank "Quest for Excellence Award Winner"
Dr Gary Zank was awarded the 2009 - Quest for Excellence Award. These awards are given each year to publicly recognize outstanding contributions of individuals in the greater Huntsville community in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). Each year the award highlights a different branch of the STEM arena. The 2009 awards focused on the field of mathematics and were given to members of the scientific, engineering or educational community who bridge the gap between mathematics and its application. This includes work that uses high-level mathematics and/or innovative mathematical tools to solve problems in engineering, science or technology. The award was presented at the Sci-Quest Hands-on Science Center Mad Scientist Ball on Friday, October 23, 2009. In conjunction with this award Dr Zank also received an Alabama House of Representatives resolution adopted in his honor on November 6, 2009.
Dr. Gang Li Recipient of the 2009 International Cosmic Ray Commission
Dr Gang Li is the recipient of the 2009 International Cosmic Ray Commission IUPAP-Young Scientist Prize. The prize was awarded in Lodz, Poland and the citation read “For outstanding contributions towards our understanding of solar energetic particle transport and diffusive shock acceleration in the turbulent solar wind and at interplanetary shocks.” Dr Li’s work represents a major advance in our understanding of the solar cosmic ray problem, and presents an approach of great sophistication to understanding the detailed plasma physics of particle acceleration in the complex environment of the solar wind. The approach for which Dr Li was recognized provides our best opportunity for understanding in situ the detailed mechanics of diffusive shock acceleration as a process and therefore these ideas will find resonance across a broad range of astrophysical problems.
Dr Vladimir Florinski's Winning Proposal
Dr. Vladimir Florinski a CSPAR Researcher and Department of Physics Professor is the recipient of a new 3 year NASA for his proposal entitled, “Structure & Physics of the Global Helioshpere During the Minimum of Solar Cycle 24”. The proposed work focus is on the many aspects of the solar wind observed at 1 AU, which require an understanding of the global heliosphere in its most quiescent state afforded by the unprecedentedly deep 2008-2010 solar minimum. Dr Florinski’ winning proposal will address the physics of these processes through a combination of modeling, theory, and observation. A suite of models and theory developed at the UAH will be used to better understand solar wind and its interaction with the surrounding interstellar medium. The project aims at solving some of the outstanding problems of space science, including that of the origin of anomalous cosmic rays.