Equilibria of Solution Critical Point

Contact: Dr. James Baird

‘Critical phenomenon’ are changes in material properties that result from the continuous transformation of one state or phase of matter into another without the immediate appearance of a phase boundary. Using the Gibbs Phase Rule to enumerate the thermodynamic variables, we have shown that this universal behavior is restricted to those cases where three or fewer variables are required to specify equilibrium. We have discovered that many chemical reactions reach equilibrium under control of just three variables.