Tuesday Physics Seminar: Noise

Tuesday, October 15, 2019 The event started -60 days ago

2:50 PM 3:50 PM

Optics Building

Room 234

Gaussian Phase Noise

Dr. Ming Sun (UAH, Physics &Astronomy)

Abstract

The Gaussian phase noise of radio intensity time series is demonstrated to be drastically reduced when the raw voltage data are digitally filtered through an arbitrarily large number N of orthonormal bandpass profiles (eigenfilters) sharing the same intensity bandwidth, and the resulting intensity series are co-added. Specifically, the relative noise variance of the summed series at the resolution of one coherence time or less, goes down with increasing N as 1/N, although (consistent with the radiometer equation) the advantage gradually disappears when the series is bin averaged to lower resolution. Thus the algorithm is designed to enhance the sensitivity of detecting transients that are smoothed out by time-averaging and too faint to be visible in the noisy unaveraged time series, as demonstrated by the simulation of a weak embedded time-varying signal of either a periodic nature or a fast and unrepeated pulse.  
 
The algorithm is then applied to a 10-minute observation of the pulsar PSR 1937+21 by the VLA, where the theoretical predictions were verified by the data. Moreover, it is shown that microstructures within the time profile are better defined as the number N of filters used increases, and a periodic signal of frequency 53.9 kHz is discovered in the pulse profile.

Details

Category
Conference/Lecture
department
College of Science, Physics and Astronomy
Audience
Public, Students, Faculty and Staff, Alumni

Contact

Ming Sun This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Venue

Optics Building

John Wright Blvd.Huntsville, AL 35899

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