Pro Quinto Ligario
by Marcus Tullius Cicero


   "Quintus Ligarius, in the first year of the Civil War, had held a subordinate position in Africa, under the Pompeian general, P. Atticus Varus. In this capacity it had fallen to him to prevent the landing of L. Ælius Tubero, whom the Senate had sent to take command in Africa, but to whom Varus refused to give up the post. When the war was over, Caesar spared the life of Ligarius, but kept him in exile, until a personal application for his recall was made by his brother, T. Ligarius. Quintus Tubero (afterwards a distinguished jurist) came forward to oppose this, on the ground that Ligarius had not merely taken sides in the Civil War, but had stood with Juba and the foreign enemies of Rome against his native country. The case was argued in the Forum before Caesar himself, sitting in judgment as Dictator. With characteristic magnanimity, Caesar gave Ligarius a full pardon. This Ligarius requited, a year and a half later, by joining in the plot for his murder.
   Though the case of Ligarius is of no importance in itself, the speech of Cicero in his defence ranks among the first of his orations in rhetorical merit, and is interesting, besides, for the glimpse it gives of the state of feeling in Rome during Caesar's dictatorship."

-- "Introduction to Pro Q. Ligario," Select Orations of Cicero, ed. J.B. Greenough, G.L. Kittredge, Ginn & Company: Boston, 1896.

Pro Q. Ligario: Latin Text The source of the Latin text is Select Orations of Cicero, ed. J.B. Greenough, G.L. Kittredge, Ginn & Co: Boston, 1896.
Pro Q. Ligario: English Text
Pro Q. Ligario: Translation Commentary
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