Graduate Courses in Optical Science and Engineering (OSE) Below are listed all the graduate courses in optics at UAH. Currently, there are 33 offerings covering the full gamut of modern optics. Graduate courses in optics are designated as OSE, PH and/or EE. This reflects the sponsorship of the course. Multiple designations indicate joint responsibility. The OSE courses are listed with full descriptions below. This is followed by a listing of courses whose full descriptions can be found in this catalog under the appropriate department heading. Part I - Core 541 Geometrical Optics 3 hrs. Foundations and physics of geometrical optics, Fermat’s principles and Huygen wavelets, refraction and reflection. The many forms of Snell’s Law. Optical path lengths, geometrical wavefronts and rays. Ray tracing, ynu-chart and matrix methods. Gaussian imagery and paraxial optics, conjugate elements, cardinal points, and image-object relations. Stops and pupils, chief and marginal rays, vignetting, and the optical or Lagrange invariant. The y-y bar diagram, design of common systems: objectives, magnifiers, microscopes, collimators and detectors. Optical glasses and chromatic aberrations, wavefront and transverse aberrations, spot diagrams and ray fan plots. (Same as EE 541, PH 541.) 542 Physical Optics 3 hrs. Scalar and electromagnetic waves, polarization, coherence, reflection and refraction; two beam and multiple beam interference, interferometers, Fabry-Perots, thin films, diffraction, and absorption and dispersion. (Same as EE 542, PH 542.) 546 Radiometry, Detectors, & Sources 3 hrs. Theory and practice of radiometry and photometry. Blackbody radiation and Lambertian sources. Propagation of radiant energy in free space and through optical systems. Detector classes, responsivity, bandwidth and noise, power spectral density, properties of sources, photon noise. Prerequisite: PH 342 or equivalent. (Same as PH 546.) 632 Fourier Optics 3 hrs. Introducing the optical system as an invariant linear system, convolution, Sommerfield’s diffraction integral, Fourier Transform, angular spectrum, coherent & incoherent imaging, optical transfer function. (Same as EE 632, PH 632.) 645 Lasers 3 hrs. Resonant optical cavities. Atomic radiation. Laser oscillation and amplification. General characteristics of lasers. Laser excitation. Semiconductor lasers. Gas discharge phenomenon. Transition rates. Spectroscopy of common lasers. Detection of optical radiation. (Same as EE 613.) 653 Optical Testing Laboratory 1 hr. Provides students with hands-on experience via the in-depth testing of an aerial reconnaissance photographic lens. The main measurement tools are a 168-inch Collimator/T-Bar nodal slide for image plane measurements, and a Fizeau phase shifting interferometer for exit pupil measurements. Measurements include: effective focal length, F-number, axial color, spherical aberration, field curvature, distortion, astigmatism, transmission, relative illumination falloff, resolution, modulation transfer function, onaxis interferometry, fringe analysis. Co- or Pre-requisite: OSE 654. 654 Optical Testing 3 hrs. Spherometry; refractive index measurements; optical bench measurements of imaging systems via T-bar nodal slide (effective focal length, f-number, axial color, field curvature and distortion, transverse ray aberrations); illumination falloff; image resolution tests (finite object); modulation transfer function; star image testing; knife edge tests; Hartmann tests; Fizeau interferometer and testing configurations; null lens testing of aspheres; wavefront measurements (point diffraction interferometer, radial shear interferometer); Prerequisites: OSE 541, 542. (Same as PH 654.) Spring. Part II - Focus Areas A. Optical Communications Communications via free-space, and guided-wave light signals. 506 Communication Theory 3 hrs Review of elementary signals and systems including the Hilbert transform, cross and auto correlation, power density spectrum, and the Wiener-Khintchine theorem. Butterworth and Chebyshev lowpass filters. Bandpass signals and systems. The lowpass equivalent of a bandpass signal/system. Commonly used forms of linear and nonlinear modulation. Demodulation methods and circuits. Phase lock and frequency feedback techniques. Prerequisite: EE 382 (Same as EE 426/506.) 534 Optical Fiber Communications 3 hrs Introduction to optical fibers and their transmission characteristics, optical fiber measurements, sources and detectors, noise considerations for digital and analog communications, optical fiber systems. (Same as EE 534.) 634 Optical Communications 3 hrs Optical communication systems; counting statistics; the optical detector response process; direct detection; heterodyne detection parameter estimation in optical communications; pointing, spatial acquisition and tracking. Prerequisite: EE 506. (Same as EE 634). B. Optical Physics & Devices Foundation and basis of operation of solid state opto-electronic devices. 555 Introductory Quantum Mechanics I 3 hrs. Waves and particles; Bohr’s model of the atom; de Broglie waves, wave packets and the uncertainty principle; postulates of quantum mechanics; Schroedinger’s equation; simple systems in one, two and three dimensions; the hydrogen atom. Prerequisites: PH 113, PH 351 or CH 343, MA 244, 324. (Same as PH 451, PH 551, CH 553, MTS 651.) Fall. 655 Applied Quantum Mechanics 3 hrs. Application of quantum mechanics in solid state, electronics, materials science and optics. Topics to include: Hydrogen atom and molecule, excitons, phonons, Bloch’s theorem, periodic boundary conditions, electrons and holes, band structure of simple semiconductors, dipole transitions, optical constants, absorption and emission processes, introduction to device physics. Prerequisite: PH 551 or OSE 555, spring of odd numbered years (Same as PH 652.) 755 Quantum Devices 3 hrs. Quantum aspects of optical, electronic, and semiconductor devices approached from a phenomenological/physical point of view. Topics will include: Quantum well devices, optical modulators, optical detectors, quantum Stark effects, electrooptic devices, high speed optical devices, frequency chirping in high speed devices and system applications. Prerequisite: PH 652 or OSE 655. Fall of odd numbered years. (Same as PH 733.) C. Optical Engineering Multi-disciplinary application of optics to the controlled propagation of light, imaging systems, and optical instrumentation. 656 Lens Design 3 hrs. Design of refractive imaging systems. Skills acquired include thin lens pre-design, first and third order analytical methods, and computer-based design using Zemax. Designs include: Wollaston and Chevalier landscape lenses, a 10X microscope objective, the Rapid Rectilinear and Celor lenses, Cooke triplet and Petzval portrait lenses, and a telephoto lens. Prerequisite: OSE 541. Fall. 670 Optomechanical Design and Fabrication 3 hrs. Practical aspects of optomechanical design, material selection, fabrication and integration of precision optical components and systems for commercial, space, and military application. Topics include: fixture design, tolerance analysis, machining methods, thermal stabilization, integrated computer-aided design and analysis, diamond machining, finishing and plating techniques. Prerequisite: OSE 541. (Same as PH 670.) 710 Optical System Design 3 hrs. Integrated view of what it actually takes to build a real optical system. All the tools of the “trade” are utilized, including conceptual design and computer modeling (optical and mechanical), control system design, fabrication issues, cost/schedule and system testing. Use of geometric and physical optics, radiometry, sources and detectors, electro-optics controlled positioning and feedback, environmental influences, optical systems architecture, opto-mechanical design, precision optics fabrication technologies, optical metrology, and operational and survivability testing. Prerequisite: OSE 670. 690/790 Selected Topics in Optical Science & Engineering 3 hrs. Sample topics include optical thin films and optical instrument systems analysis.