Structure and Properties of Star in Presence of Massive Dilaton Field: Nonlinear Models and Results
Dr. Michail Todorov
Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
The Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria
Monday, November 12
10:15 a.m. – 11:15 a.m.
Shelby Center 160
We numerically investigate a class of models of static spherically symmetric mixed stars in the scalar-tensor theory of gravity with a massive dilaton field. The proper mathematical model of such stars is interpreted as a nonlinear one- or two-parametric eigenvalue problem with free boundaries in respect to metric functions, the functions describing the fermionic and bosonic matter, the dilaton field, etc. A similar approach for the study of static and spherically symmetric charged and neutral black-hole solutions coupled to both Euler-Heisenberg and Born-Infeld types of nonlinear electrodynamics in scalar-tensor theories of gravity with a massive dilaton are implemented also. The Continuous Analogue of Newton Method (CANM) in multiparametric space to solve these problems is used. Information about the basic geometric functions and the functions describing the matter fields, which build the star is obtained. The numerical solutions show that the structure and properties of the stars in presence of a massive dilaton field essentially depend on its fermionic and bosonic components. The dilaton potentials allow many more black-hole causal structures than the massless dilaton, the
reason for which is the presence of the scalar field. We find that depending on the black-hole mass and charge and the dilaton mass, the black holes can have either one, two, or three horizons.