A student may elect a program leading to either a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science degree. In most areas of biological interest, a Bachelor of Science degree is deemed more desirable; however, a Bachelor of Arts degree may be preferred in Programs of Study relating biological sciences to the humanities, social sciences, and economics. In either case, the biological sciences department is committed to high quality undergraduate instruction, with the ultimate goal to produce accomplished graduates who can pursue advanced degrees in the health or life sciences or who can develop meaningful careers in the biological sciences. Biological Science Majors The biological sciences program is flexible and broad enough to permit the student to develop courses of study to meet a wide range of interests or career goals within the life sciences. Curricula are available for students who elect to pursue biochemistry, environmental science, exercise physiology, graduate preparatory, microbiology, molecular biology, premedical technology, pre-health professional, or secondary education programs. Examples of programs of study that fulfill the University's degree requirements and achieve diverse goals in the biological sciences are found in the undergraduate catalog at http://catalog.uah.edu/. Any curriculum may be modified to fit individual aims with the approval of the biology faculty. It is strongly advised that the student electing to major in the biological sciences consult with a biology faculty member early in his/her academic career to formalize a plan of study (POS) to meet academic and career objectives in a timely manner. Normally, a POS should be developed before the junior year of study. It is strongly recommended that one be established before the completion of 85 semester hours of coursework. A major in biological sciences requires a minimum of 36 semester hours of coursework in BYS and includes the following core courses: BYS 119, 120, 219, 300, and 490. All students majoring in biological sciences will be required to take the ETS Major Field Test in Biology as a component of the BYS 490 course, and the results of the test will be factored into the grade for this course. Additionally, it is expected that the student will take an appropriate structural biology and physiology course within the area of emphasis. A course in biochemistry within the major or a chemistry minor is also strongly recommended. One course in calculus is required for a B.S. in biological sciences. If the student intends to pursue a course of study requiring more advanced mathematics background, MA171 is recommended to meet this requirement. Otherwise, MA120 may be used to meet this requirement. Biological sciences majors are also encouraged to take a course in statistics. All BYS majors must have a minor included in their program of study. Biological Science Majors with tracks The following are examples of various curricular constructs that can be established to meet different academic and/or career interests and objectives. Each example is to be used merely as a guideline in creating a Program of Study (POS) to meet a particular goal. Strict adherence to the suggested curriculum is not obligatory to meet degree requirements within the major as long as the individual POS has been previously approved by the faculty advisor, departmental chair, and the dean of the College. B.S. or B.A. degree with a psychology minor (psychobiology rogram) B.S. or B.A. degree for secondary education B.S. degree with emphasis in biochemistry; chemistry minor B.S. degree, premedical, predental, preveterinary; chemistry minor B.S. degree, microbiology emphasis with chemistry minor, preparatory for graduate study in microbiology B.S. degree, environmental biology emphasis, preparatory for graduate study in ecology or environmental science; chemistry minor B.S. degree, composite major in biological-environmental sciences B.S. degree with emphasis in exercise physiology Biological Sciences Minor Courses in Marine Science Select courses in marine sciences, available through the Marine Environmental Sciences Consortium, may be taken for credit at UAHuntsville toward a biological sciences major or minor, a minor in marine sciences, or a Master of Science degree in biological sciences. Biological sciences majors electing a marine sciences minor generally would not take MS courses in the minor that were principally biologically oriented. Courses for which credit is not given for a biological sciences major or minor can be taken as electives. All programs of study that involve marine sciences courses must be approved by the MESC UAHuntsville liaison officer.