Graduate Courses

ATS 501 - Survey of Atmospheric Science 3 hrs.

General survey of the field of atmospheric science. Quantitative examination of atmospheric physical properties including atmospheric composition, structure and dynamics. Detailed inspection of evolving atmospheric structures using real-time data systems. General topics include atmospheric thermodynamics, atmospheric dynamics, cloud physics, atmospheric radiation, and related topics in atmospheric remote sensing. Prerequisites: MA 172 and PH 112 or equivalent or consent of instructor. When Offered: Fall

ATS 509 - Applications of Computers in Meteorology 3 hrs.

Survey of data types and languages commonly used in the meteorological community along with practical application to meteorology. Course is designed to prepare students for graduate work and research in atmospheric science. Prerequisites: MA172 and PH 112, or equivalent or permission of instructor. When Offered: Fall This course may not be used to meet minimum degree requirements.

ATS 510 - Operational Weather Forecasting 3 hrs.

Operational Meteorology covers subjective and objective methods of atmospheric prognosis, including techniques for forecasting operationally-important weather elements. The course explores interpretation, use and systematic errors of computer-generated products, human factors with forecasting, and application of meteorological theory in an operational setting. Course instruction is accomplished through analysis of various weather events from beginning to completion. When Offered: Spring

ATS 511 - Introduction to Geographical Information Systems 3 hrs.

Introduces vector, raster and tabular concepts, emphasizing the vector approach. Topics include: spatial relationships, map features, attributes, relational database, layers of data, data ingesting, digitizing from maps, projections, output, applications and availability of public data sets. Same As: 511, ESSᅠ511 When Offered: Fall

ATS 513 - Geographical Information Systems and Remote Sensing 3 hrs.

Hands-on approach to GIS and satellite remote sensing. Popular satellite data sets such as LANDSAT and AVHRR are coupled with GIS data sets to increase understanding of the earth system. Topics include satellite sensors, basic radiative transfer, orbits, raster formats, atmospheric correction, distortion, image corrections, rotations and mapping, spatial resolution, image interpretation, radiometric and geometric enhancement, multi spectral transformations, and classifications. Prerequisites: MA172 and PH 112, or equivalent or permission of instructor. When Offered: Spring

ATS 514 - C GISᅠ Applications 3 hrs.

An introductory look at the ways in which GIS can be put to use in different fields of study, drawing examples from Demography, Sociology, Archaeology, History, and Ecology. When Offered: Fall

ATS 515 - Advanced Topics in GIS 3 hrs.

Advanced special topics: visualization of GIS and remote sensing data, landscape characterization (pattern vs. process), multi temporal analysis, aggregation of data types, development of integrated GIS environments for performing complex space-time modeling, and land atmosphere interactions. When Offered: Spring

ATS 520 - Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry and Air Pollution 3 hrs.

This self-contained introductory course in atmospheric chemistry and air pollution is designed to provide seniors and graduate students the basics of atmospheric chemistry and air pollution concepts. Topics include air pollutants, air-pollution meteorology, atmospheric gases and aerosols, and atmospheric processes. This course will also develop the necessary fundamentals for those wishing to take the advanced (600 level) courses in the atmospheric chemistry/air pollution study area. Prerequisites: PH 112 and CH 121 or equivalent or consent of instructor. When Offered: Fall

ATS 541 - Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Cloud Physics 3 hrs.

General aspects of thermodynamic and cloud physical processes occurring within the atmosphere; atmospheric statics and stability, saturation point analysis, aerosols, nucleation, and the behavior/growth of cloud particles and hydrometers. Prerequisites: MA 238, PH 112 or equivalent or consent of instructor. When Offered: Fall

ATS 551 - Atmospheric Fluid Dynamics I 3 hrs.

Fluid dynamics in the atmosphere. Coriolis acceleration, scale analysis and appropriate approximations of the complete governing equations. Numerical analysis and interpretation of weather phenomena. Prerequisites: MA 238 and PH 112 or equivalent or consent of instructor. When Offered: Fall

ATS 554 - Forecasting Mesoscale Processes 3 hrs.

Detection and forecasting of atmospheric mesoscale phenomena, including the structure and evolution of clouds, precipitation (including floods), thunderstorms and severe weather. Includes basics on instruments used to detect mesoscale phenomena, most notably satellite and radar. Based mainly on computerized modules and related exercises. Prerequisites: ATS 551 When Offered: Spring

ATS 561 - Atmospheric Radiation I 3 hrs.

Fundamentals of terrestrial atmospheric radiation. Topics include: solar radiation at the top of the atmosphere, radiative transfer equation, gaseous absorption, scattering by molecules and particles, band models, transmittance along an inhomogeneous path, and microwave radiative transfer. Prerequisites: MA 238, PH 112 or equivalent or consent of instructor. When Offered: Spring

ATS 603 - Climate Dynamics 3 hrs.

Origin and evolution of the climate system including underlying causes for past climates such as occurred during the ice ages. Statistical processing of various time series to extract climactic signals in the data. Determination of global-scale forcing mechanisms, which impact climate. Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 620 - Atmospheric Chemistry and Aerosols 3 hrs.

Atmospheric chemistry and aerosols; primary processes, thermodynamics, photochemistry, kinetics, models, and measurements applied to the troposphere and stratosphere; natural and anthropogenic processes affecting the chemistry of Earths troposphere and stratosphere; effects of chlorine, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen catalytic cycles. Ground-based and satellite-borne observations of traces species are described. Requires an understanding of atmospheric structure and elementary atmospheric chemistry. Prerequisites: ATS 520 or consent of instructor.

ATS 622 - Air Pollution Modeling 3 hrs.

Advanced air pollution modeling, covers in considerable depth air pollution modeling concepts and methods. Lagrangian and Eulerian modeling approaches ranging from micro scale (PBL) to synoptic (regional) scale. Lagrangian modeling will be focused on detailed modeling of large point- and areas-source plumes; Eulerian modeling will range from Large Eddy Simulations (LES) to regional-scale modeling with nested domains and plume-in-grid treatments; covers atmospheric transport/dispersion/chemistry, cloud and aerosol processes, and wet and dry deposition processes; students get experience in implementing specific plume, LES, and urban-regional modeling codes used in research and regulatory applications. Prerequisites: ATS 520, 551 or consent of instructor

ATS 630 - Physical Climatology 3 hrs.

This course is designed to provide a hands-on perspective to the study of the climate system using satellite data sets. The emphasis will be on understanding the physical aspects of the global climate system. Topics include global energy balance, energy balance of the surface, hydro logic cycle, climate classification, ocean circulation, natural and anthropogenic climate change and other selected topics such as urban climate and mountain weather and climate. Prerequisites: ATS 501 or 541 or consent of instructor.

ATS 635 - General Circulation 3 hrs.

Detailed examination of the observed dynamic, thermodynamic and chemical structure of the atmosphere, including mid-latitude baroclinic systems, tropical systems, global-scale energy, mass and momentum budgets and the fundamental climatology of the atmosphere. Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 651 - Atmospheric Fluid Dynamics II 3 hrs.

Wave motions in the atmosphere with emphasis on Rossby, Kelvin and gravity waves. Systematic scaling of primitive equations to develop quasi-geostrophic and Ekman-layer theory. Shallow water theory, stratified flows, and barotropic and baroclinic instability. Prerequisites: ATS 551

ATS 652 - Synoptic Meteorology 3 hrs.

Analysis, interpretation and forecasting synoptic-scale and mesoscale phenomena, including air masses, frontal systems, cyclones, anti-cyclones, tropical cyclones and associated mesoscale phenomena. Emphasis on the use of remotely-sensed data from satellites, radars and profilers using state-of-the-art workstations. Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 655 - Boundary Layer Meteorology 3 hrs.

General survey of atmospheric boundary layer properties. Individual topics include a review of turbulence theory, convective and stable boundary layers, surface processes, boundary layer discontinuities, cloud-topped mixed layers, modeling, and parameterization. A variety of UA Huntsville instruments are utilized extensively to enhance understanding of ABL processes. Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 656 - Tropical Meteorology 3 hrs.

Course draws together concepts in the dynamics and climatology of the tropical atmosphere, and of significant precipitation systems in the Tropics. Topic areas include synoptic climatology, dynamics of tropical flows (e.g., Kelvin waves, Equatorial flows), convective scale dynamics, island meteorology, tropical cyclones, and the forces driving tropical circulations (e.g., ENSO, radiative-convective equilibrium, latent heating distributions, gregarious cloud systems). Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 670 - Satellite Remote Sensing I 3 hrs.

Covers a broad range of topics concerning digital image processing applied to the remote sensing of atmospheric, cloud and surface properties. Topics include image interpretation, radiometric and geometric enhancement of satellite imagery, supervised and unsupervised classification techniques, image transformations, textures, atmospheric correction, calibration and navigation of satellite imagery. Prerequisites: MA 238, PH 112 or equivalent or consent of instructor.

ATS 671 - Ground-Based Remote Sensing 3 hrs.

Basic principles of active and passive ground-based remote sensing systems; Doppler and polarization diversity weather radars, wind profiling radars, lidars, Doppler sodar, and passive radiometer systems. Ground-based remote sensing techniques that probe atmospheric composition, atmospheric structure and processes; extensive hands on usage of a variety of ground-based remote sensing instruments. Prerequisites: ATS 541

ATS 675 - Atmospheric Data Assimilation 3 hrs.

Data assimilation methods and concepts; Topics in objective analysis, interpolation and initialization, as relevant to numerical weather prediction and data analysis; Emphasis on variational methods, successive correction, optimal interpolation, adjoint and gradient concepts, general estimation theory, and assimilation approaches for various types of observations; Other concepts: singular vectors, Kalman filters and nudging, applications with 1D and 2D assimilation. Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 681 - Numerical Atmospheric Modeling 3 hrs.

Introduction to numerical methods applied to simulation of the atmosphere. Basic numerical solution techniques, along with filtering, radiative parameterizations, thermodynamics, turbulent parameterization, initialization and coordinate transformation. Prerequisites: ES 551 or ATS 551

ATS 690 - Selected Topics in Atmospheric Science 3 hrs.

Selected topics of interest not included under other courses. Prerequisites: Approval of instructor. When Offered: All semesters

ATS 699 - Master's Thesis 3 or 6 hrs.

Required each semester a student is enrolled and receiving direction on a masters thesis. Minimum of two semesters required.

ATS 740 - Cloud Processes 3 hrs.

Theory and observation of the bulk micro physical composition and kinematic structure of various cloud types, including fog. Topics include: precipitation formation processes in warm and cold clouds, interactions among dynamical, micro physical and radiative processes within cloud systems, the dynamics of thunderstorm systems and hurricanes, and remote sensing applications of clouds and precipitation. Prerequisites: ATS 541, 551

ATS 761 - Atmospheric Radiation II 3 hrs.

Advanced topics in atmospheric radiative transfer. Specific topics include Maxwell equations, Mie theory, polarization and radiative transfer in a scattering atmosphere. Prerequisites: ATS 561

ATS 762 - Micro particle Optics and Radiometry 3 hrs.

Contemporary issues in the propagation of electromagnetic radiation. Emphasis on interactions with particulate matter and micro structures, including micro particle cavity resonances. Applications in remote sensing, aerosol & cloud climatology, photonics, astronomy & astrophysics, biomedical optics, and spectroscopy. Topics will include: Maxwells equations, Kramers-Kronig analysis, Mueller matrices & Stokes vectors, Rayleigh theory, scattering & absorption by single & multi sphere systems, near & internal fields, geometric optics approximations,discrete dipole approximation, and T-matrices. Prerequisites: ATS 561 or consent of instructor.

ATS 770 - Satellite Remote Sensing II 3 hrs.

Analysis and interpretation of satellite data: AVHRR, GOES, SSM/I, ERBE and LANDSAT. Topics include retrieval and analysis of earth radiation budget, cloud liquid water, land and ocean temperatures, vegetation characteristics, cloud optical properties, biomass burning fire patterns, smoke and dust aerosols, and advanced cloud classification techniques and applications to NASAs Mission to Planet Earth. Prerequisites: ATS 670

ATS 780 - Seminar 1 hr.

Speakers are invited to report on research relevant to the field of atmospheric science. Students are expected to attend at least twelve seminars and to write short descriptions of the presentations. When Offered: Fall This course may not be used to meet minimum degree requirements.

ATS 781 - Student Seminar 1 hr.

Speakers are invited to report on research relevant to the field of atmospheric science. Students are expected to attend at least six seminars and to make a 15-minute conference-type presentation on a research topic in atmospheric science selected in agreement with their advisor and write a short description of the presentation. When Offered: Spring This course may not be used to meet minimum degree requirements.

ATS 782 - Professional Development 1 hr.

Special topics concerning professional ethics, writing scientific journal articles, proposals and resumes, preparing budgets, publish or perish quality vs. quantity, personal relationships in the workplace, research administration, funding agencies, stress and burnout. This course may not be used to meet minimum degree requirements.

ATS 790 - Selected Topics in Atmospheric Science 1 or 3 hrs.

Selected topics of interest not included under other courses. Prerequisites: Approval of instructor.

ATS 799 - Doctoral Dissertation 3, 6, or 9 hrs.

Required each semester student is enrolled and receiving direction on a doctoral dissertation.