Fagus sylvatica 'Rohanii' - Rohan European Beech
Family - Fagaceae
Size - 40 to 50 feet in height with a spread of 25 to 35 feet. Very upright in youth, possibly spreading with age. Grows at a medium rate, 2 feet per year.
Foliage - Alternate, simple, 2 to 4 inches long, about half that in width. Emerges a beautiful carmine red in the spring and slowly turns off to a brownish-red as the season progresses. Fall color is not overly significant. Leaves have a attractive undulation and are quite pubescent along the margin.
Flower/Fruit/Seed - Flowers are insignificant, I assume that the nut is typical of that of the American Beech although our tree has not borne any yet.
Bark - Smooth, mottled. Not the typical dark gray, smooth bark of most Beech, in youth anyway.
Pests and Diseases - Some Japanese Beetle damage but even that is insignificant. Very pest free.
Landscape Use - Large specimen use. Needs a site which will afford it the ability to branch out. The dark foliage can make it a standout, but not like the Purple Leaf Plum.
Performance - 10 Excellent tree for the home or large commercial site where it's root system will not be restricted or interfered with. Seems to be perfectly happy to be 'left alone' to grow. Needs supplemental watering the first few years but can handle everything after establishment. I think it's important that Beech be sited in locations where their root systems will not be cramped or subject to foot traffic, they don't tolerate those conditions very well. Beech are long lived trees in general, with proper care this is a lifelong tree for several generations. Will grow in the typical moist, well drained soil, pH of 5.0 to 6.5, will not tolerate wet soils. Rated zone 4 to 7. According to some texts, it doesn't do well in extreme heat, I haven't seen that problem yet on a number of European Beech, and our summers are regular low to mid 90s with stretches of upper 90s to 100 for 3 to 3 1/2 months. Summer days here under 90 are not common. Again, I think the majority of European Beech would tolerate the southern region of zone 7.