Cynthia Gramm, Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus of Management


  • Ph.D., Labor and Industrial Relations, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, October, 1983
  • A.M., Labor and Industrial Relations, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1980
  • M.A., Child Development, Michigan State University, 1974
  • B.S. with honors, Home Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1972

Academic Experience

  • Professor (1998 - present), Department of Management, Marketing, and Information Systems; Department Chair (2011- 2015); Associate Professor (1990 - 1998); College of Business Administration, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Alabama
  • Assistant Professor (1985 - 1990). Department of Collective Bargaining, Labor Law, and Labor History, New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
  • Assistant Professor (Aug 1983 - 1985), Instructor (Jan - Aug 1983). Department of Industrial Relations and Human Resources, College of Business Administration, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

Research in Progress

  • Gramm, C., W. Orman & J. Schnell. Determinants of EEOC Charge-Filings.
  • Schnell, J., C. Gramm, A. Wilhite, & E. Fong. "Implications of Strategic Alliance Networks in Teams for Downsizing."
  • Gramm, C. & J. Schnell. “Hate Group Density by State.”

Recent Classes Taught

  • Career Development
  • Employment Law for Managers
  • Management Practicum
  • Human Resource and Labor Relations Management


Selected Publications


  • Cynthia, L. Gramm & John, F. Schnell. (2013). Long-term employment and complementary human resource management practices. Journal of Labor Research, 34(1), 120-145.
  • Gramm, Cynthia L., John F. Schnell, and Elizabeth W. Weatherly. 2006. Remedy-Seeking Responses to Wrongful Dismissal: Comparing the Similarity -- Attraction and Similarity- Betrayal Paradigms, International Journal of Conflict Management , Vol. 17, No. 4: 266-290.
  • Gramm, Cynthia L. and John F. Schnell, 2006. "The Relationship between Competitive Strategy and a Firm's Reliance on Long-Term Employment Contracts." Korean Journal of Industrial Relations (December): 107-136.
  • Gramm, Cynthia L. and John F. Schnell. 2004. "The Effects of Using Alternative Types of Staffing Arrangements," Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations , Vol 13: 27-68.
  • "The Use of Flexible Staffing Arrangements in Core Production Jobs" (with John F. Schnell). Industrial and Labor Relations Review. (January 2001): 245-258.
  • "Following the Leader: Race and Behavior in the 1987 NFL Strike" (with John F. Schnell). In Wallace E. Hendricks (ed.) Advances in the Economics of Sports, Vol. 2 (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1997): 115-143.
  • "Collective Bargaining and Strike Activity" (with Daniel G. Gallagher). In David Lewin, Daniel J.B. Mitchell, and Mahmood A. Zaidi (eds.) Handbook of Human Resources Management. (JAI Press, 1996).
  • "Empirical Evidence on the Effects of Using Permanent Striker Replacements" (with John F. Schnell), Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. XII, No 3 (July 1994): 122-33.
  • "The Empirical Relations Between Employers' Striker Replacement Strategies and Strike Duration" (with John F. Schnell), Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 47, No. 2 (January, 1994): 189-206.
  • "Difficult Choices: Crossing the Picket Line during the 1987 National Football League Strike" (with John F. Schnell), Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 12, No. 1 (January 1994): 41-73.
  • "Centralization of Bargaining Decisions in American Unions" (with Wallace E. Hendricks and Jack Fiorito), Industrial Relations, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Fall 1993): 367-390.
  • "Union Structural Choices" (with Jack Fiorito and Wallace E. Hendricks). In George Strauss, Daniel G. Gallagher, and Jack Fiorito (eds.), The State of Unions (Madison, WI: Industrial Relations Research Association, 1991).
  • "Inflation Uncertainty and Strike Activity" (with Wallace E. Hendricks and Lawrence Kahn), Industrial Relations, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Winter 1988): 114-29.
  • "Learning by Striking: Estimates of the Teetotaler Effect" (with John F. Schnell), Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 5, No. 2 (April 1987): 221-41.
  • "New U.S. Estimates of the Propensity to Strike During Contract Negotiations, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 40, No. 3 (April 1987): 406-17.
  • "The Determinants of Strike Incidence and Severity: A Micro-Level Study," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 39, No. 3 (April 1986): 361-76.